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tsmithjohnson (tsmithjohnson) wrote,
tsmithjohnson
tsmithjohnson

ANCESTRY ANTHOLOGY: TEXAS STATE HISTORY ASSOCIATION: TEXAS DAY BY DAY: AUGUST 30: MANSFIELD INCIDENT

    

Mob masses at Mansfield





On this day in 1956, an angry mob surrounded Mansfield High School to prevent the enrollment of

three African-American students in what became known as
the Mansfield School Desegregation
Incident.



The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People had sued the Mansfield school

district over its segregation of black schoolchildren. When a federal court ordered the district to

desegregate--the first time a Texas school district received such an order--many white citizens

resisted. Vigilantes barred integration sympathizers from entering town,

whites hanged three blacks in effigy, and downtown businesses closed in support of the

demonstrations.



Governor Allan Shivers authorized the Mansfield school board to transfer black students to Fort

Worth, seventeen miles away, and dispatched
Texas Rangers to uphold

the
district's policy of segregation.




The successful defiance of the federal court order helped inspire the passage of state segregation





laws in 1957, delaying integration for several years.


The Mansfield school district finally desegregated in 1965.



Tags: #african american/black history/culture, #ancestryanthology, #texas, 1950-1959, 1960-1969, 1970-1979, 1980-1989, 1990-1999, 2000-2010, 2011-2019, african history/culture, american history/culture, austintexas, black american history/culture, civil rights issues, crime/justice dept., education-teachers issues, facebook, flickr, google+, instagram, international/world news, livejournal, naacp, pinterest, political news, texas history/culture, tumblr, twitter
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